Malignant melanoma is the most common cancer between the ages of 15-34 with 1/3 of all cases occurring under the age of 50. Incidence is twice as high in the affluent areas and the rate projected to increase up to 2024.
The characteristics of melanoma are defined by the ABCDE rule and the Glasgow 7-point checklist. These are a useful guide, but may not identify early melanomas or atypical forms. Not all skin lesions with these characteristics are melanomas; many turn out to be harmless.